Water Network Management
KAHRAMAA has in place a comprehensive and holistic plan to minimize real and apparent water losses in the network since 2008 through enhanced water loss control and network management. These include the upgrading of the water distribution services from intermittent supply to 24 hours continuous, uninterrupted water supply since 2008 and the replacement and upgrading of old and leaky pipelines and connections. A comprehensive water loss reduction program has also been introduced since 2008 through the development of district meter areas for implementing effective water balance and leak detection program inclusive of continual drop tests for reservoir pumping stations. The introduction of advance leak detection technologies such as in-line smart ball devices for leak inspection of large diameter and sophisticated correlating acoustic noise loggers and other pinpointing technologies coupled with intensive outsourcing manpower have contributed largely to the reduction of real losses for KAHRAMAA water network to the world benchmarking standard of below 5% by early 2017. Further sustainable efforts are also being planned by KAHRAMAA in the coming years to reduce apparent water losses through the implementation and upgrading of all customers meters inclusive of smart metering.
Production capacity of potable desalinated water in Qatar until the end of 2019 was 476 Million Imperial Gallons per Day (MIGD) and is expected to reach 536 MIGD by April 2021 with the commissioning of additional production capacity in Umm Al Houl and 636 MIGD by April 2023 with the commissioning of a new desalination plant (Facility E).
Development of Water Network
The transmission water network at KAHRAMAA is now reaching a total length of 1,440 Kilometers with the beginning of the functionality of Mega Reservoirs. The distribution networks are reaching 8,380 kilometers and it is planned to be increased to reach 10,000 kilometers by the end of 2022.
Water Reservoirs and Pumping Stations
At the same time, other water projects are being planned to include the construction of reservoirs in many existing stations, in addition to current plans for the construction of more reservoir and pumping stations to meet the growing demand. In addition to it, in the last 10 years, the number of reservoir and pumping stations had increased from 22 to 37 and water storage capacity increased almost 6 times from 290 MIG to 1648 MIGD. Mega Reservoirs commissioned in 2019 and total storage capacity will increase further to 2392 MIGD.
National Water Control Center (NWCC)
The National Water Control Center is operated as a centralized water control and monitoring center with a state-of-the-art Water SCADA system to efficiently and effectively control and monitor the water system and guarantee a high performance of KAHRAMAA water pumping, storage, transmission and distribution with addition to other vital activities within water strategic management.
It also has a system that detects and warns of radioactive contaminants in water. An online Seawater Radiation monitoring system was commissioned in April 2015. Buoys has been installed in the sea and sampler in the onshore to monitor radioactive material presence in the seawater. The radiation level (Beta, Alpha, Gamma) is monitored at all entrances of desalination plants. In addition to it, KAHRAMAA had recently commissioned a Real Time System, Acute Toxicity Monitoring of Drinking Water for Chemical, Biological and Radiation Monitoring at some pumping stations. This system will be implemented at all pumping stations and expected to be fully accomplished by 2022. KAHRAMAA coordinates to deal with emergencies cases concerning increased radiation and toxic level in water facilities.
Water Quality (WLab)
Water quality laboratory monitors quality of drinking water supplied through KAHRAMAA distribution network and ensures that safe drinking water is being served to the whole nation of Qatar. Water quality laboratory is well equipped with state-of-the-art analytical equipment in the field of Physical, Chemical and Microbiological analysis. Being accredited to the most prestigious international standard “ISO - 17025", water quality laboratory ensures the quality of drinking water through accurate, reliable and systemic water testing services under the umbrella of “WHO guidelines for drinking water quality" and “KAHRAMAA drinking water quality requirement".
Statistical data in the water sector shows a remarkable growth in the water demand. To give a comparative trend, the increase has amounted to 197 MIGD in September 2008, from 138 MIGD in 2007, and less than 61 MIGD in 1997. Water demand is continuously rising and reached to 420 MIGD in 2019. This number is expected to go up to 487 MIGD in 2022.