In line with Qatar National Vision (QNV 2030), National Development Strategy (QNDS2 2018-2022) and guidelines issued by the government with the passage of time, KAHRAMAA continues its transformational journey for the development of the electricity sector over the years. KAHRAMAA aims major expansion of the electricity network to meet rapidly growing demand. Following achievements highlight the developments of the electricity sector of KAHRAMAA:
Generation and Substations
The electricity sector has witnessed remarkable development over the past years. The production in 4Q 2013 was reached 8755 MW while it was 4032 MW in 2008. It is a clear indication of the growth of the electricity sector in Qatar and it reached to about 10580 MW by the end of the year 2018. The remarkable expansion of the size of electricity's main transmission network led to increase the number of primary substations to 369 by the end of the year 2020 as compared with 139 substations in 2Q 2008 and 87 substations in 2000.
This development coincided with the connection of the transmission network to some vital and important projects in the country, such as (Lusail City, Metro project, New Port, and 2022 World Cup Stadiums).
The increase in the number of main stations has been accompanied with the expansion of the size of the cable and overhead lines network in different voltage levels 400/220/132/66/11 kV. At the same time, there was a major growth in the number of distribution substations to more than 10,000 substations in 1Q 2014. This number is planned to increase to more than 17200 substations by the end of the year 2019 to keep pace with the tremendous overall developments in Qatar.
The transmission network is expected to integrate a new solar production plant in order to comply with Qatar 2030 vision in two phases: the first phase will be launched in 2021 with a capacity of 350 MW and the project will be completed by 2022 with a total capacity of 700 MW.
Cables and OHL
Electricity Transmission network expands utilizing high quality products from approved manufacturers ensuring high performance & reliability.
In November 2019, the length of cables in the transmission network was 3270 km, while the total length of overhead lines (OHL) was 1999 km of different voltage levels. As per the transmission network plan, the total length of overhead lines (OHL) will be 1999km in January 2022. As per Electricity transmission network plan, the total length of overhead lines (OHL) will be 2310 km in January 2022.
KAHRAMAA is monitoring and managing electricity transmission and distribution networks through three control centers:
National Control Center (NCC); to supervise and control for transmission network of 400 KV & 220 KV along with all power stations and coordination with GCCIA control Center.
Doha Grid Control Center (DGCC); to supervise and control for transmission network of 132, 66, 33 KV.
Distribution Control Center (DCC); to supervise and control for distribution network of 22, 11 KV.
In addition to above control centers, there is an emergency control center adjoining with DCC.
All control centers are equipped with the latest technological applications and the technical cadres with the highest level of expertise and competence.
There is a plan to construct a new distribution control center to meet the great expansion of distribution network.
GCC Interconnection Grid
All GCC member states are connected electrically to form the GCC interconnection network. Kahramaa Grid is being connected to the GCC network through 2 X 400 kV circuits from Logistic Zone Super (LZS) substation. This link is proven to be of vital backbone to the Kahramaa network as it is being used for emergency support during incidents, and for bilateral trading at some occasions.
The demand for electricity in the State of Qatar has increased in the recent years. The maximum network load increased from 941 MW on 1988 to 3,990 MW on 2008 and reached to 6255 MW in 2012, while the demand jumped to 8600 MW in 2020.